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Lesson 8 : Case of Noun / Definite Article

Noun: Second Declension: ho logos, -ou (o logoV, -ou) Lesson 5 (p. 30)

o qeoV, -ou (The God)

Case

Meaning

Singular

Plural

Nominative :

Vocative:

Accusative:

Genitive:

Dative:

Subject a god

Address /calling O God !

Direct Object a god

possessive of a god

indirect Object to / for a god

N: + oV

V: + e

A: + on

G: + ou

D: + w(i)

N: + oi

V: + oi

A: + ouV

G: + wn

D: + oiV

The definite article: Lesson 6 (p. 34)

It follows the noun except the Nominative (No Vocative!).

Case

Meaning

Singular

Plural

Nominative :

Vocative:

Accusative:

Genitive:

Dative:

Subject The God

------------

Direct Object The God

possessive of the God

indirect Object to/for the God

o

--------------

t+on

t+ou

t+w(i)

oi

--------

t+ouV

t+wn

t+oiV

Nominative :

Accusative:

G.V. D.

Subject Jesus

Direct Object Jesus

Jesus

IhsouV

Ihsoun

Ihsou

 

The definite Article : Special Uses.

Uses

Greek

English

Special words

o QeoV

o IhsouV

God ( = the God)

Jesus ( = the Jesus)

A whole class

o uioV tou anqrwpou

oi uioi twn anqrwpwn

The son of Man

The sons of men

Abstract

(Love, truth, pace)

h agaph menei

Love remains

Complement

(without article)

o LogoV estin o QeoV

 

QeoV estin o LogoV

o QeoV agaph estin

The Logos is the God.

The God is the Logos.

= The Logos is the God.

= God is love (1 John 4 : 8, 16)

Case:

  1. Genitive: oikoV anqrwpou = a house of a man (A man's house) : possessive
  2. Dative: grafei nomouV law(i) = He writes laws for a people : indirect object (to / for)