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Greek Grammar in brief

Nouns, Adjectives, and Pronouns

Verbs: Tense

Verbs: Mood

Verbs: Voice

Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Vocative

(octopus --> five hand hill)

K s

Present

Perfect

Indicative

Subjunctive

Optative

Imperative

Infinitive

Participle

(ISO@PII)

Active Voice

Imperfect

Aorist

Pluperfect

-------

Middle Voice (GJ)

Future

Lh->{b->

Future Perfect

Passive Voice

Verbs: TMV (Tense Mood gives bad Voice.) or Timely Music Video

E.g. Present Indicative Active

Note: The following is in intermediate grammar.

Tense

Reference: Richard A. Young Intermediate NT Greek

Please note that the general approach suggests that the division is continuous (Present, Imperfect), punctiliar (aorist) and Stative/Perfective (perfective, pluperfect).

Time (Aspect)\

Nature (Aktionsart)

Present
Past
Future
Continuous      
Continuous-Point      
Point      

The following classification is made by me. Normally, the aspect does not include the "Continuous-point" which I added to show the special aspect.

Putting into a certain classification may be somewhat artibratary.

Present

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

Durative Dà

Descriptive

(present continuous)

------ Gnomic

Futuristic

Continuous-point

@

DDDIterative

Dà Existing Results

@

Point

Historical (narrative)

(D) Performative (utter)

Tendential (stating point?) trying to

Imperfect

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

Durative Dà

Descriptive

(past continuous)

Futuristic

Continuous-point @

Dà Inceptive @

DDDIterative

Dà Voluntative

--à Tendential (trying to)

@@

Point

@ @ @

Future

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

  Gnomic

Progressive

Continuous-point

    @

Point

@ @

Predictive

Imperatival

Deliberative (?)

Aorist

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

@

------ Gnomic

@

Continuous-point

Dà Ingressive (Inceptive, Inchoative) [began to]

(D) Constative (Complexive, Punctiliar, Comprehensive, Global)

à DConsummative (Culminative, Ecbatic, Effective)

@ @

Point

@

DDramatic (Immediate Past) [just now, has just happened)

Proleptic (Futuristic)

Epistolary (?)

Perfect (Stative)

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

@

------ Gnomic

@

Continuous-point

à D] Consummative

DDDIterative

Dà CIntensive

@

Point

DDramatic

DPresent State

@

PluPerfect (Stative)

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

@ @ @

Continuous-point

à D] Consummative

DDDIterative

Dà CIntensive

@

Point

DPast State

@ @

Future Perfect

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

    @

Continuous-point

    @

Point

    @