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Verbs: TMV (Tense Mood gives bad Voice.) or Timely Music Video

E.g. Present Indicative Active

Note: The following is in intermediate grammar.

Tense

Reference:

  1. Richard A. Young Intermediate NT Greek
  2. Dana & Mantey Greek Grammar
  3. Robertson Greek Grammar
  4. Greek Grammar

Please note that the general approach suggests that the division is continuous (Present, Imperfect), punctiliar (aorist) and Stative/Perfective (perfective, pluperfect).

Time (Aspect)\

Nature (Aktionsart)

Past
Present
Future
Continuous      
Continuous-Point      
Point      

The following classification is made by me. Normally, the aspect does not include the "Continuous-point" which I added to show the special aspect.

Putting into a certain classification may be somewhat artibratary.

Tense Locations: Non-Perfective Tenses

( ) is the number of usages.

 

Time (Aspect)\

Nature (Aktionsart)

Past
Present
Future
Continuous
2 (3)
3 (4)
3
Continuous-Point
2 (4)
2 (5)
0
Point
1
2
3 (6)

 

Tense Comparison

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous : Present

Durative Dà

Progressive/Descriptive (present continuous)

------ Gnomic

  • Completely Futuristic
  • Mostly Futuristic (Ingressive-Futuristic) present to Future

Continuous : Imperfect

Lifestyle (Customary, General) Imperfect [used to, as a lifestyle]

Descriptive (past continuous)

 

Futuristic

Continuous : Aorist

@

------ Gnomic

@

Continuous : Future

  Gnomic

Progressive

 

     

Continuous-point : Present

@

DDDIterative

Dà Existing Results

@

Continuous-point : Imperfect

Dà Ingressive (Inchoative, Inceptive) = began doing@

DDDIterative [kept on]

Dà Conative (Voluntative, Tendential) wanted to, could almost

--à Tendential (trying to)

@@

Continuous-point : Aorist

Dà Ingressive (Inceptive, Inchoative) [began to]

(D) Constative (Complexive, Punctiliar, Comprehensive, Global)

à DConsummative (Culminative, Ecbatic, Effective)

Epistolary (?) [present perfect] @

Continuous-point : Future

    @

 

     

Point : Present

Historical/Dramatic (narrative)

(D) Performative (utter)

Instantaneous (Aorist, Punctiliar) Present

Tendential (stating point?) trying to

Point : Imperfect

@ @ @

Point : Aorist

 

Immediate Past (Dramatic) [just now, has just happened]

Proleptic (Futuristic)

 

Point : Future

@ @

Predictive

Imperatival

Deliberative (?)

Present

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous : Present

Durative Dà

Progressive/Descriptive (present continuous)

------ Gnomic

  • Completely Futuristic
  • Mostly Futuristic (Ingressive-Futuristic) present to Future

Continuous-point

@

DDDIterative

Dà Existing Results

@

Point

Historical/Dramatic (narrative)

(D) Performative (utter)

Instantaneous (Aorist, Punctiliar) Present

Tendential (stating point?) trying to

Present Retained in Indirect Discourse

Imperfect

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

Lifestyle (Customary, General) Imperfect [used to, as a lifestyle]

Descriptive (past continuous)

 

Futuristic

Continuous-point @

Dà Ingressive (Inchoative, Inceptive) = began doing@

DDDIterative [kept on]

Dà Conative (Voluntative, Tendential) wanted to, could almost

--à Tendential (trying to)

@@

Point

@ @ @

Imperfect Retained in Indirect Discourse

Future

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

  Gnomic

Progressive

Continuous-point

    @

Point

@ @

Predictive

Imperatival

Deliberative (?)

Aorist

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

@

------ Gnomic

@

Continuous-point

Dà Ingressive (Inceptive, Inchoative) [began to]

(D) Constative (Complexive, Punctiliar, Comprehensive, Global)

à DConsummative (Culminative, Ecbatic, Effective)

Epistolary (?) [present perfect] @

Point

 

Immediate Past (Dramatic) [just now, has just happened]

Proleptic (Futuristic)

 

 

Perfective Tenses Comparison


Perfect (Stative)

@

Past

Present

Future

 

     

Continuous : Perfect

@

------ Gnomic

@

Continuous : Pluperfect

@ @ @

 

     

Continuous-point : Perfect

à D] Consummative

DDDIterative

Dà CIntensive

@

Continuous-point : Pluperfect

à D] Consummative

DDDIterative

Dà CIntensive

@

 

     

Point : Perfect

DDramatic

DPresent State

@

Point : Pluperfect

DPast State

@ @

Perfect (Stative)

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

@

------ Gnomic

@

Continuous-point

à D] Consummative

DDDIterative

Dà CIntensive

@

Point

DDramatic

DPresent State

@

PluPerfect (Stative)

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

@ @ @

Continuous-point

à D] Consummative

DDDIterative

Dà CIntensive

@

Point

DPast State

@ @

Future Perfect

@

Past

Present

Future

Continuous

    @

Continuous-point

    @

Point

    @

This is a rarely used tense.