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Comparative Grammar 比較文法: 與其他語言對比

Compare Greek with other languages

NOUNS

VERBS

CLAUSES

Mood
Voice
 

Cases New Nominative
Vocative
Genitive
Dative
Accusative

Present
Imperfect / Aorist
Future


Perfect
PluPerfect

Future Perfect (rare in NT)
Indicative
Subjunctive
Optative
Imperative
Active
Middle
Passive
In General
Conjunctions
Conditionals
Volitional 
The Article New
Adjectives
Pronouns New
Infinitive / Participle
Prepositions
 
Adverbs / Particles
 

The Indo-European Languages

The above diagram is taken from Edward Goodrich, Do it Yourself Hebrew & Greek. Zondervan.

See also Lexical Aids for Students of New Testament Greek, by Bruce M. Metzger, Published by author, pp. 74-75.

Hittite belongs somewhere on this chart, along with a half-dozen other ancient languages.

An example of comparing these languages can be found in John 1:1 comparison.

 

Reference:

Understanding English Grammar : PROLEGOMENA TO LATIN

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